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Green services

What kinds of green services are there?  The report of the Leiden Lekker Groen Conference ("Leiden Goes Green") names the following:

Regulating services


The Green Filter

  • Purifies the air
  • Absorbs noise and adds visual appeal

The Green Parasol

  • Regulates wind
  • Regulates temperature
  • Regulates sunlight
  • Absorbs CO2

The Green Sponge

  • Water retention
  • Water storage

The Blue Filter

  • Self-cleaning quality of water
  • Cleaning capacity of soil

The Brown Filter

  • Self-cleaning capacity of soil

The Green Resistance

  • Natural resistance to pests and diseases
  • Resistance to invasive species

The Green Help

  • Herbivory
  • Spreads seeds
  • Natural pollination

The Green Production

  • Soil fertility


Cultural services


The Green Experience

green self-worth

green beauty

green orientation

green history

  • Sustains ethics
  • Provides identity
  • Provides aesthetics
  • Orientation in time and space
  • Historical / cultural value
  • Regional products
  • Traditions

The Green School

  • Environmental education
  • Sector-supporting information
  • Feeds scientific research

Green Recreation

  • Passive and active recreation

Green Health and Spirit

  • Therapeutic effects and physical health benefits
  • Safety
  • Provides spirituality


Supply services

  • Supplies food, fibre
  • Supplies fuel
  • Supplies medicine
  • Supplies drinking water


Support services

  • Biomass production
  • Provides natural habitat
  • Preserves natural cycles
  • Preserves breeding grounds
  • Provides genetic material
  • Produces oxygen