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The Dutch sand dunes protect millions of people and billions of euros worth of infrastructure against flooding, serve as a recreational area for the country's western city dwellers, and provide clean drinking water.  This is another example of one area providing a number of different goods and services that are of great economic and social value to residents and businesses alike, most of which are based far beyond the dunes.


Download: Coastal defences (currently in Dutch only).

Download: Natural water storage (currently in Dutch only).

Download: Water supply (currently in Dutch only).

Download: Sustainability of grassland on peat soil (currently in Dutch only).

For more information on nature as a resource, see (currently in Dutch only).